International Ice Hockey Federation

Information

Tournament Format

 

The 16 teams are divided into two groups for the Preliminary Round.

The top-four ranked teams of each group advance to the quarter-finals that will be played cross-over. The first-place team in each preliminary-round group plays the fourth-place team of the other group, while the second-place team plays the third-place team of the other group. 1A-4B, 2A-3B, 1B-4A, 2B-3A. The winning teams advance to the semi-finals.

 

Both semi-final games will be played in Copenhagen.

The winning teams of the semi-final games advance to the gold medal game while the semi-final losing teams play for bronze.

Relegation format

The overall bottom ranked two teams will be relegated to the 2019 IIHF Ice Hockey World Championship Division I Group A.

The teams promoted to the 2019 IIHF Ice Hockey World Championship will be the top-two teams of the 2018 IIHF Ice Hockey World Championship Division I Group A.

Three Point System

For all games points shall be awarded as follows:

  • 3 points for the winning team at the conclusion of regulation time
  • 1 point for both teams at the conclusion of regulation time if the game is tied
  • An additional point earned for the team winning the game in a 5-minute overtime period, or the Penalty-Shot Shootout if the teams are still tied following conclusion of the overtime period
  • 0 points for the team losing the game in regulation time

Overtime Operations

If a game is tied at the end of regulation time, a five-minute overtime period shall be played. The teams will change ends for the overtime period. The game will end when the five minutes has expired or when a goal is scored; the scoring team will be declared the winner. If no goal is scored in the overtime period then the Game Winning Shots Procedure will apply. All overtime periods of any IIHF game shall be played with each team at the numerical strength of three (3) skaters and one (1) goalkeeper for games of the preliminary round.

Overtime procedure in Play-Off Games:

  • In case of a tie at the conclusion of regulation time in a Relegation Playoff, Placement Playoff, Quarter Final, Semi Final and Bronze Medal Game, there will be a 10-minute sudden-death overtime period played.
  • The teams will change ends for the overtime period.
  • The overtime period shall be played with each team at the numerical strength of four (4) skaters and one (1) goalkeeper.
  • The team, which scores a goal during this period is the winner.
  • In the Gold Medal game there will be a 20-minute sudden-death overtime period, following a 15-minute intermission during which the ice will be resurfaced.
  • The teams will change ends.
  • The overtime period shall be played with each team at the numerical strength of five (5) skaters and one (1) goalkeeper.
  • The team which scores a goal during this period is declared winner.
  • If no goal is scored during the sudden-death overtime, there will be Penalty-Shot Shootout (PSS) according to the Penalty-Shot Shootout Procedure.

Penalty-Shot Shootout Procedure

If no goal is scored in the overtime period then the Penalty-Shot Shootout (PSS) procedure will apply. The following procedure will be utilized:

  • Three different shooters from each team - five in playoff and medal games - will take alternate shots, until a decisive goal is scored.
  • If the game is still tied after three shots (respectively five in playoff and medal games) by each team, the PSS will continue with a tie-break shoot out by one player of each team, with a reversed shooting order. The same or new players can take the tie-break shots.
  • The same player can also be used for each shot by a team in the tie-break shoot-out.
  • Only the decisive goal will count in the result of the game.
  • Shots will be taken at both ends of the ice. The area of the ice to be used will be dry scraped.
  • A coin toss will determine which team takes the first shot, with the winner of the toss having the choice whether his team will shoot first or second.
  • Any player whose penalty was not over when overtime ended cannot take the shots and must stay in the penalty box or in the dressing room.
  • Once named, players may only be replaced in the event of injury or penalty.
  • The substitute stand-by player is placed last in the shooting order.
  • The goalkeepers will defend the same goal, as determined by the Referee. The goalkeepers from each team may be changed after each shot.
  • The players of both teams will take the shots alternately until a decisive goal is scored.
  • The decisive goal will be credited to the player who scored and to the goalkeeper concerned.

Tie breaking formula

The tie-breaking system for two teams with the same number of points in a standing will be the game between the two teams, the winner of the game taking precedence. 

Due to the fact that the three-point system does not allow a game to end in a tie, then the following tie breaking procedure is applicable when three or more teams are tied in points in a Championship standing.

Should three or more teams be tied on points, then a tie breaking formula will be applied as follows, creating a sub-group amongst the tied teams. This process will continue until only two or none of the teams remain tied. In the case of two tied teams remaining, the game between the two would then be the determining tie-breaker as the game could not end as a tie. In the case of none of the teams being tied, the criteria specified in the respective step applies.

Step 1: Taking into consideration the games between each of the tied teams, a sub-group is created applying the points awarded in the direct games amongst the tied teams from which the teams are then ranked accordingly.

Step 2: Should three or more teams still remain tied in points then the better goal difference in the direct games amongst the tied teams will be decisive. 

Step 3: Should three or more teams still remain tied in points and goal difference then the highest number of goals scored by these teams in their direct games will be decisive

Step 4: Should three or more teams still remain tied in points, goal difference and goals scored then the results between each of the three teams and the closest best-ranked team outside the sub-group will be applied. In this case the tied team with the best result (1. points, 2. goal difference, 3. more goals scored) against the closest best ranked-team will take precedence

Step 5: Should the teams still remain tied, then the results between each of the three teams and the next highest best-ranked team outside the sub-group will be applied.

Step 6: Should the teams still remain tied after these five steps have been exercised then Sport considerations will be applied and the teams will be ranked by their positions coming into the Championship (seeding).

Final Ranking

The gold medal game and bronze medal game will determine the final ranking for the top-4 teams. The eliminated teams from the preliminary round plus the losing teams of the quarter-finals will be ranked following their positions in the groups preceding the quarter-final round.

The final ranking will follow the following procedure:
1. Higher position in the group,
2. Higher number of points,
3. Better goal difference,
4. Higher number of goals scored for,
5. Better seeding number

More information

Click here to download the IIHF’s Rule Book and Sport Regulations.

Player Entry

  • The teams submit the names of the participating players at the first Championship Directorate.
  • The maximum number of players allowed on a Team Registration Form at the beginning of the World Championship is 22 skaters and 3 goalies. The minimum is 15 skaters and 2 goalies.
  • At the first Directorate meeting, the teams must name at least the minimum number of 15 skaters and 2 goalkeepers. The players entered must be present at the championship venue by the time of the Directorate meeting.
  • The remaining players up to the allowed maximum of 22 + 3 must be submitted for players' control two hours before any of the following championship games. Players can be added throughout the tournament until the roster is full.
  • During a game, a team may enter (dress) 20 skaters and 2 goalkeepers on the Official Game Sheet, with the emergency goalkeeper standing by if a goalie entered to the Official Game Sheet is unable to play.

Eligibility

 

To play in the IIHF World Championship, the Olympic ice hockey tournament and the qualifications to these competitions, players must fulfill the following qualification requirements:

 

- Each player must be under the jurisdiction of an IIHF member national association

- Each player must be a citizen of the country he represents. 


Acquiring a new national eligibility (The ‘two-year’ case)

When a player has changed his citizenship or has acquired another citizenship and wants to participate for the first time in an IIHF competition representing his new country he must:

- Prove that he has participated for at least two consecutive hockey seasons and 16 consecutive months (480 days) in the national competitions of his new country after his 10th birthday during which period he has neither transferred to another country nor played ice hockey within any other country.

- Have an international transfer card (ITC) that shows the transfer to the national competition of his new country and which was approved and dated at least two years before the start of the IIHF competition in which he wishes to participate.

 

Change of national eligibility (The ‘four-year’ case)

A player, who has previously participated in IIHF competition, can switch national eligibility (but only once in a player's life) if:

- He is a citizen of the new country of his choice.

- He has participated for at least four consecutive years (1460 days) in the national competitions of his new country, during which period he has neither transferred to another country nor played ice hockey within any other country and has not played for his previous country in an IIHF competition during this four year period.

- He has an international transfer card (ITC) that shows the transfer to the national competition of his new country and which was approved and dated at least four years before the start of the IIHF competition in which he wishes to participate.

Copenhagen

 

The Danish capital has been named 'World's most Liveable City' multiple times and the Danes are ranked amongst the 'World's Happiest People'.

 

More than 1,000 years of history is on display everywhere in Copenhagen, as seen on the facades of a plethora of old buildings, museums, sights and attractions. One of the hallmarks of Copenhagen is how history is mixed with innovation, visible in the modern design and daring architecture, which underlines the city’s progressive approach.

Copenhagen is compact and easy to navigate with a welcoming and safe atmosphere, where locals walk and bike around the clock in designated lanes. If biking or walking is not for you, an efficient infrastructure makes it easy to make your way around the city via public transport by bus, train or metro. It is also easy to get a taxi in Copenhagen and all are metered, so there is no need to negotiate a price beforehand.

Food, music or a night out? Copenhagen offers a wide array of events ranging from opera, jazz and ballet, through contemporary music, festivals and a rich variety of nightlife. If you are into fine dining the restaurant scene in Copenhagen has a great selection of Michelin-starred restaurants as well as high end, yet mid-priced eateries that serve anything from breakfast to burritos - or you could try the experimentations of the New Nordic Cuisine made famous by chefs from Scandinavia.

To read more about what Copenhagen has to offer please go to: www.visitcopenhagen.com

Tivoli

Tivoli Gardens was founded in 1843 and has become a national treasure and an international attraction. Fairy tale writer Hans Christian Andersen visited many times, as did Walt Disney and many other celebrities, who all fell in love with the gardens.

Tivoli’s oldest and most popular ride, the wooden Roller Coaster from 1914, is one of only seven roller coasters worldwide which have a brakeman on board every train.

The Little Mermaid

Unveiled on 23 August 1913, The Little Mermaid was a gift from Danish brewer Carl Jacobsen (the man behind Carlsberg beer) to the City of Copenhagen. The sculpture is made of bronze and granite and was inspired by Hans Christian Andersen’s fairy tale about a mermaid who gives up everything to be united with a young, handsome prince on land.

Nyhavn

Nyhavn was originally a busy commercial port where ships from all over the world would dock. The area was packed with sailors, ladies of pleasure, pubs and alehouses. Today the beautiful old houses have been renovated and classy restaurants dominate the old port. Nyhavn is filled with people enjoying the relaxed atmosphere by the canal, jazz music and great food.

Amalienborg

Experience royal history at the museum and sense the presence of the world's oldest monarchy from the beautiful palace square where you can watch the highly traditional changing of the guards. Every day you can experience the changing of the guards, as they march from their barracks in Gothersgade 100 by Rosenborg Castle through the streets of Copenhagen and end up at Amalienborg, where the changing of the guard takes place at 12:00 noon.

Herning

 

The city of Herning offers a lot for visitors. A new adventure can be found around every corner of the city, whether you want to experience stand-up comedy, listen in on a concert or broaden your intellectual horizon by attending a lecture.

 

When in Herning you can eat at one of the city’s many fine restaurants or watch live sports at the cosy pub Fox & Hounds while you enjoy one of the many craft beers – maybe there is even a beer from your own hometown on the menu.

For more about Herning and inspiration, visit:  www.visitherning.com.

Herning Gokartcenter is an indoor go-kart centre with lots of different types of races with up to 8 go-karts on the track at the same time. The karts at the centre are Dino Leisure Karts 200ccm and can reach a maximum speed of 60 kilometres per hour. 

For more information visit www.herninggokart.dk or call +45 3026 7070.

Baboon City is the ultimate indoors amusement centre in Denmark. The centre spans over 9000 square metres and has  more than 200 different interactive amusements. There will be a lot of active fun, time together as well as physical challenges suitable for the entire family or group.

Looking to splash around? At The DGI-house Herning in the middle of Herning you will find the ideal environment for children, recreational swimmers and anybody, who just loves to be in the water. Whether you are looking for a wellness department with thermal baths, massages and pampering, an aqua dome or some activities including a plunge pool, climbing wall and water trampoline, you will find it here.

Into water-skiing and wakeboarding? Try Herning Vandski & wakeboard klub located by the lakes of Knudmose. All you need to bring is your swimsuit, a towel and some courage – fun is provided!

Past Medallists

IIHF Ice Hockey World Championships
Year Gold Silver Bronze Venue
1920  Canada USA Czechoslovakia Antwerp (Olympics)
1924  Canada USA Great Britain Chamonix (Olympics)
1928  Canada Sweden Switzerland St. Moritz (Olympics)
1930  Canada Germany Switzerland Chamonix, Berlin, Vienna
1931  Canada USA Austria Krynica
1932  Canada USA Germany Lake Placid (Olympics)
1933  USA Canada Czechoslovakia Prague
1934  Canada USA Germany Milan
1935  Canada Switzerland Great Britain Davos
1936  Great Britain Canada USA Garmisch-Partenkirchen (Olympics)
1937  Canada Great Britain Switzerland London
1938  Canada Great Britain Czechoslovakia Prague
1939  Canada USA Switzerland Basle, Zurich
1940-1946 No championships (World War II)
1947  Czechoslovakia Sweden Austria Prague
1948  Canada Czechoslovakia Switzerland St. Moritz (Olympics)
1949  Czechoslovakia Canada USA Stockholm
1950  Canada USA Switzerland London
1951  Canada Sweden Switzerland Paris
1952  Canada USA Sweden Oslo (Olympics)
1953  Sweden FR Germany Switzerland Zurich, Basle
1954  Soviet Union Canada Sweden Stockholm
1955  Canada Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Krefeld, Dortmund, Cologne
1956  Soviet Union USA Canada Cortina (Olympics)
1957  Sweden Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Moscow
1958  Canada Soviet Union Sweden Oslo
1959  Canada Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Prague, Bratislava
1960  USA Canada Soviet Union Squaw Valley (Olympics)
1961  Canada Czechoslovakia Soviet Union Geneva, Lausanne
1962  Sweden Canada USA Colorado Springs, Denver
1963  Soviet Union Sweden Czechoslovakia Stockholm
1964  Soviet Union Sweden Czechoslovakia Innsbruck (Olympics)
1965  Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Sweden Tampere
1966  Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Canada Ljubljana
1967  Soviet Union Sweden Canada Vienna
1968  Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Canada Grenoble (Olympics)
1969  Soviet Union Sweden Czechoslovakia Stockholm
1970  Soviet Union Sweden Czechoslovakia Stockholm
1971  Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Sweden Berne, Geneva
1972  Czechoslovakia Soviet Union Sweden Prague
1973  Soviet Union Sweden Czechoslovakia Moscow
1974  Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Sweden Helsinki
1975  Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Sweden Munich, Dusseldorf
1976  Czechoslovakia Soviet Union Sweden Katowice
1977  Czechoslovakia Sweden Soviet Union Vienna
1978  Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Canada Prague
1979  Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Sweden Moscow
1981  Soviet Union Sweden Czechoslovakia Gothenburg, Stockholm
1982  Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Canada Helsinki, Tampere
1983  Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Canada Dusseldorf, Dortmund, Munich
1985  Czechoslovakia Canada Soviet Union Prague
1986  Soviet Union Sweden Canada Moscow
1987  Sweden Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Vienna
1989  Soviet Union Canada Czechoslovakia Stockholm, Sodertalje
1990  Soviet Union Sweden Czechoslovakia Berne, Fribourg
1991  Sweden Canada Soviet Union Turku, Helsinki, Tampere
1992  Sweden Finland Czechoslovakia Prague, Bratislava
1993  Russia Sweden Czech Republic Dortmund, Munich
1994  Canada Finland Sweden Bolzano, Canazei, Milan
1995  Finland Sweden Canada Stockholm, Gavle
1996  Czech Republic Canada USA Vienna
1997  Canada Sweden Czech Republic Helsinki, Turku, Tampere
1998  Sweden Finland Czech Republic Zurich, Basle
1999  Czech Republic Finland Sweden Oslo, Lillehammer, Hamar
2000  Czech Republic Slovakia Finland St. Petersburg
2001  Czech Republic Finland Sweden Cologne, Hanover, Nuremberg
2002  Slovakia Russia Sweden Gothenburg, Karlstad, Jonkoping
2003  Canada Sweden Slovakia Helsinki, Turku, Tampere
2004  Canada Sweden USA Prague, Ostrava
2005  Czech Republic Canada Russia Vienna, Innsbruck
2006  Sweden Czech Republic Finland Riga
2007  Canada Finland Russia Moscow, Mytishi
2008  Russia Canada Finland Quebec City, Halifax
2009  Russia Canada Sweden Berne, Zurich-Kloten
2010  Czech Republic Russia Sweden Cologne, Mannheim, Gelsenkirchen
2011  Finland Sweden Czech Republic Bratislava, Kosice
2012  Russia Slovakia Czech Republic Helsinki, Stockholm
2013  Sweden Switzerland USA Stockholm, Helsinki
 2014  Russia Finland Sweden Minsk, Belarus
2015  Canada Russia USA Prague, Ostrava
2016  Canada Finland  Russia  Moscow, St. Petersburg
2017        Cologne, Paris
2018        Copenhagen, Herning

 

Notes:

  All Olympic Ice Hockey Tournaments between 1920 and 1968 also counted as World Championships.
  In the Olympic years 1980, 1984 and 1988, no IIHF World Championships were staged.
         
IIHF Ice Hockey European Championships
Year Gold Silver Bronze Venue
1910  Great Britain Germany Belgium Les Avants
1911  Bohemia Germany Belgium Berlin
1912  Championship annulled
1913  Belgium Bohemia Germany Munich
1914  Bohemia Germany Belgium Berlin
1915-1920 No championships (World War I)
1921  Sweden Czechoslovakia (only two teams) Stockholm
1922  Czechoslovakia Sweden Switzerland St. Moritz
1923  Sweden France Czechoslovakia Antwerp
1924  France Sweden Switzerland Milan
1925  Czechoslovakia Austria Switzerland Strbske Pleso, Stary Smokovec
1926  Switzerland Czechoslovakia Austria Davos
1927  Austria Belgium Germany Vienna
1929  Czechoslovakia Poland Austria Budapest
1932  Sweden Austria Switzerland Berlin
         
Notes:
  Berlin 1932 was the last separate IIHF European Championship event.
  European Championships medals were awarded to the European participants of the IIHF World Championships until 1991.

Contacts

International Ice Hockey Federation

Address Headquarters:
Brandschenkestrasse 50, Postfach 1817, 8027 Zurich, Switzerland

Tel. +41 44 562 22 00
Fax +41 44 562 22 29
E-mail Office: office@iihf.com
E-mail Media Relations: media@iihf.com
E-mail Website: webmaster@iihf.com

 

2018 IIHF Ice Hockey World Championship Organization Committee

Ishockey VM 2018 P/S
Hannemanns Allé 25
2300 København S

Tel. +45 70 25 20 18
E-mail Office: info@2018.iihfworlds.com
E-mail Media Relations: media@2018.iihfworlds.com

Copenhagen

Herning